Table of Contents
- Folders and Paths
- View Modes
- Folder View Properties
- Deleting Files and Folders
- Moving and Copying
- Selecting Items in the View
- Create New
- Changing Names and Permissions
- Configuring File Associations
- At the Command Line
In UNIX® and Linux® all folders are arranged in a simple hierarchy. Starting from a top level folder (also called the root directory), the structure descends and branches containing various files and subfolders. This means that you can get from any folder to any other by going “up ” until you reach a common point then “down” through the appropriate subfolders until you reach your target.
The position of any file or folder in the structure (also called a
directory tree) can be described by its “path”, which is a simple
list of the folders you would have to descend through to get to the target
folder or file. For example
is the subfolder
pam of the subfolder
home of the top level folder, and
/home/pam/words.txt is the file
in that subfolder. The leading “/” in these paths
represents the top level folder.
Every folder accessible by your system — including those on other hard disk partitions, a USB device or CD-ROM — will appear in the tree descending from /, their exact paths will depend on how your system was set up (see also the section on Removable Devices).
Every user on a UNIX® / Linux® system has their own “home”
folder to hold their personal files and settings; for example
symbol ~ is often used to represent the user's home
folder, so that
~/letter.txt refers to the file
letter.txt in my home folder.
Note that the term “directory” is often used instead of “folder”.