KMail offers an import tool for the messages and address books of some other email clients. You can access it using → . Please make sure that you compact your folders in the other email client, whether you are going to use the import utility or you are going to copy files manually. You only need to read this chapter if this tool does not work for you.
This section is for all users who need to move email messages
from their previous email client over to KMail. KMail can store
messages using “mbox” or “maildir” formats, which
are the most widely-used mailbox formats on UNIX® systems. Mbox mailboxes
store messages in one file, identifying where messages start and end with a
From line (do not confuse this with the
From: header that contains the message's sender);
Maildir uses one file per message. For many UNIX® email clients, all you
need do is move your mailboxes to
Please have a look at the Tools section of KMail's homepage first, to see if there is a tool that imports your mailbox and maybe even address book.
Do not use a second email client that accesses the files in
- Eudora Lite/Eudora Pro
Eudora uses the mbox format in its mail files. To use them with KMail, make sure that your Eudora mailboxes have been compacted, then copy the
.mbxfiles (Windows® Eudora) or Eudora mailbox files (Mac® Eudora) to your
indexfiles. Once you start KMail, the mailboxes should appear in the Folders pane and the messages should be accessible in the Headers pane.
If messages do not appear in the Headers pane, your mailbox files may still contain Windows® or Mac® line-feed characters. Use your favorite text editor, the recode command or a scripting language to change the Windows® or Mac® line feeds to UNIX® line feeds.
Mailsmith runs on Mac® and uses its own database format; however, it is possible to export mail into mbox format using → on a selected mailbox or on selected messages. Once the messages have been exported, translate the Mac® line breaks to UNIX® line breaks using your favorite editor, or using the following command under Linux®:
-pe 's/\r/\n/g'mail-mac.txt > mail-unix.txt
KMail will only recognize mboxes placed directly in the
~/Mail/folder. This means that a folder hierarchy cannot be preserved by simply moving files into the
~/Mail/folder, but will need to be reconstructed within KMail manually.
This format is close enough to the mailbox format that KMail should be able to use these mailboxes if you just copy them to your
- MH mailboxes
MH mailboxes are directories containing files that correspond to each message in that mailbox. A shell script to convert MH mailboxes to mbox mailboxes, mh2kmail, is included at least in the source releases of KMail, but maybe not in the packaged releases. Running this script on a MH folder will convert it to an mbox file. We strongly suggest that you back up your MH mail folders before you use this script.
- Forte Agent
Select the messages to export
Mark the UNIX FORMAT and SAVE RAW boxes
Give File a
.txtextension and save.
Move the previously-saved file to the correct
Rename file without
When you open KMail the new folder with appropriate messages will be there.
- Netscape® Mail
If you are using Netscape® 4.x, the mail files should be found in
~/nsmail; if you are using Netscape® 6.x, they're buried in a folder deep in the
~/.mozillasubfolder, something like:
2ts1ixha.sltstring will probably vary, so check it on your own system.) The
[...]/Mail/Mailfolder contains one subfolder for each account from which you receive mail through Netscape (e.g.
[...]/Mail/Mail/math.university.edu); you will need to copy files from each of them if you want everything to be accessible under KMail.
If you have no subfolders, just copy all of the Netscape® files to
~/Mail/*.msf; every Netscape® 6 folder has a corresponding
.msffile, and if you do not get rid of them you will have a bunch of spurious empty folders.)
If you were using subfolders under Netscape® (e.g. a main folder called
Workwith subfolders called
Nancy), there are additional steps required. First, create the main folder (
Work) in KMail and create a temporary child folder under it (by right-clicking on the folder name and selecting Create child folder); it does not matter what you call this folder --
dummyor the default
unnamed, for example. Once a child folder has been requested, KMail creates a hidden folder in
.Work.directory. You can then copy your Netscape® subfolder files (
~/Mail/.Work.directory, and restart KMail; the child folders will appear under the main folder
Work. Of course, this procedure may be extended for sub-subfolders, to any depth. (You can remove the temporary child folders afterwards, unless it amuses you to have a
- Pegasus Mail
Pegasus for win32 uses single files for Mail folders similar to KMail. Pegasus mail folder files have the extension
.pmmbut they are the same format as mbox except the messages do not start with the
Fromheader, but with a control character. To work around this, replace each instance of the control character with
From aaa@aaa Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 1997. This
Fromline should be the first line of every message, before the
Received:and other headers. Make sure to use a text editor that lets you save the files in UNIX® format or create new folders in Pegasus that are in UNIX® format and copy your messages there.
- Maildir / Outlook Express / xfmail
Tools to convert these formats are available at the Tools section of KMail's homepage.
- Lotus Notes, BeOS Mail files, cc: Mail, etc....
First you should have a look at Tools section of KMail's homepage if there are tools to convert your messages.
Mail programs not listed here or on the homepage probably do not work with KMail as they use proprietary mail formats that KMail cannot understand. However, there is no harm in trying! If the mailbox file looks similar to the mbox format, try copying the mailbox file (remember, the index file is not needed) to your